Job's Daughters has a rich heritage and tradition. Founded in 1920 by Mrs. Ethel T. Wead Mick, Job’s Daughters International is an organization of young women in the United States, Canada, Australia, the Philippines and Brazil.
Job’s Daughters was founded during the height of the Women’s Suffrage Movement, and just a few months prior to the ratification of the 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution, which gave women the right to vote. Mrs. Mick was a progressive woman, wanting the absolute best for her daughters and their friends. She recognized that women’s roles were changing, and that the opportunity for women to redefine their place in society was nearing.
Mrs. Mick saw parallels between the challenges women faced as they fought to be accepted as equals, and those trials told in the Old Testament story of Job. As Job was true and steadfast to his faith throughout the story, and never faltered, women would need to be determined in their fight to become equal participants in society, despite the inevitable setbacks they were sure to face. She was fond of the Job 42:15, “And in all the land were no women found so fair as the Daughters of Job; and their Father gave them inheritance among their brethren.”
In general, the Book of Job teaches us a Masonic optimistic lesson - Not to fall in despair; it shows that Masonic ideas are imperishable. We see this exemplified in Job's life. Job saw the growth and upbuilding of his home, he also saw its ruin. but again he beheld its revival and reconstruction.
Job's Daughters International is no part of the Masonic Fraternity, but is closely tied to the Masonic Order. Girls must have a Masonic relation or sponsor, or be related to a Majority Member to be eligible for membership.
Mrs. Ethel T. Wead Mick, or "Mother Mick" as the members affectionately call her, founded the Order of Job's Daughters in Omaha, Nebraska in 1920. Mother Mick, realizing the importance of the early training she received from her Christian mother, and especially the beautiful lessons in literature and drama as found in the Book of Job, decided to give her time and talent to make it possible for all young women of Masonic relationship to share the rare privileges that were hers. After several years of careful study and consideration with the assistance of her husband Dr. William H. Mick and other capable workers, she founded the Order of Job's Daughters, in honor and memory of her mother, Elizabeth D. Wead.
The purpose of the Order was to band together young girls with Masonic relationship for character building through moral and spiritual development by teaching a greater reverence for God and the Holy Scriptures: loyalty to the Flag and the Country for which it stands, and respect for parents and Guardians. The organization was named "Job's Daughters" after the three daughters of Job in the Bible. The organization was founded on the 15th verse of the 42nd Chapter of the Book of Job: "In all the land were no women found so fair as the daughters of Job; and their father gave them inheritance among their brethren."
In 1920 weekly meetings were held in the upstairs family parlor of the Mick residence. The Worthy Grand Matron and Worthy Grand Patron, Order of Eastern Star of Nebraska and other leading Masonic related persons were in attendance. The Grand Master of Masons and the Grand Lodge in Nebraska approved and lauded the formation of such a group for young women.
The Order was historically founded on October 20, 1920, at which time it was definitely decided to adopt the carefully developed plans of Mrs. Mick and the weekly planning group, and to proceed with the forming of the Order. The Executive Council was formed on January 19, 1921, when the Executive Council Officers were chosen.
The first initiation was held May 6, 1921 in the Omaha Masonic Temple. On May 27, 1921, the Order of Job's Daughters was formally organized at a called meeting held in the office of Dr. Mick. The first Annual Meeting of the Supreme Guardian Council was held in October 14, 1921. The first Charter granted was issued to Bethel No. 1 of Omaha on December 31, 1921.
The authority to proceed with this organization was jointly granted by Most Worshipful J. B. Fradenburg, the Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Nebraska, the Worthy Grand Matron, Mrs. Anna J. Davis, and the Worthy Grand Patron, James E. Bednar of the Grand Chapter of Eastern Star of Nebraska. Many prominent members of the Masonic Fraternity and Eastern Star from other states not only assisted in the formative stages but were active for many years in this remarkable youth movement.
The name became the International Order of Job's Daughters in 1931 when Job's Daughters came to British Columbia, Canada. Upon becoming a 501 (c) (3) organization in 2001, the name was changed to Job's Daughters International.
The ritual of the Order is designed to teach young girls that throughout their lives they will face many trials and tribulations, and will experience adversities of many kinds, but if faith prevails, the ultimate result will be the eventual restoration of all that is good and worthwhile.
They also are taught the Lord's Prayer as a daily supplication to God, taught to love the flag of their country and the government for which it stands, taught to promote love and respect for all worthy persons, especially their elders, and taught love for all the world.
The organization of Job's Daughters is somewhat similar to the Local/State/National system of many governments. The local Job's Daughters groups are called Bethels. In addition, States and Provinces with many Bethels can form a Grand Guardian Council. Over all of this is the International Leadership level called the Supreme Guardian Council.
There are chartered Bethels in the United States, Canada, Australia, Brazil, and the Philippines. Members of a Bethel elect their own officers, decide their own activities, and plan their own events. It is not simply a social organization. While the girls do have fun activities such as swimming parties, dances, family picnics, slumber parties, miniature golf, marching in parades, and travel, they also develop leadership skills by holding various offices. And they grow morally and assume civic and charitable responsibilities. Throughout the year, they perform service projects to help their community, the less fortunate, and other charities.
Job's Daughters Bethel No.12 Gettysburg was constituted on December 16, 1961 and has operated under a Charter granted by the Grand Guardian Council on June 3, 1962 ever since.